Table 3

Food-induced symptoms, hypersensitivity to other substances besides food and allergic diseases among adolescents with food hypersensitivity

Adolescents with food hypersensitivity

Total

Females

Males

N = 2711

N = 165

N = 98

p-values

N

(%)

N

(%)

N

(%)


Food-induced symptoms

271

(100)

165

(100)

98

(100)

OAS2-like symptoms

140

(52)

83

(50)

55

(56)

NS

skin symptoms

81

(30)

62

(38)

16

(16)

<0.001

gastro-intestinal symptoms

76

(28)

55

(33)

20

(20)

<0.05

breathing difficulties

67

(25)

38

(23)

29

(30)

NS

eye/nose symptoms

35

(13)

20

(12)

15

(15)

NS

anaphylaxis

32

(12)

21

(13)

11

(11)

NS

Hypersensitivity to defined substances

208

(77)

128

(78)

72

(74)

NS

pollen

141

(52)

79

(48)

56

(57)

NS

furred animals

125

(46)

67

(41)

53

(54)

<0.05

dust/mite

90

(33)

56

(34)

33

(34)

NS

nickel

64

(24)

54

(33)

7

(7)

<0.001

other substances3

26

(10)

20

(12)

6

(6)

NS

Allergic diseases

210

(78)

135

(82)

70

(71)

<0.05

asthma/wheezing

88

(33)

61

(37)

24

(25)

<0.05

eczema/rash

93

(34)

66

(40)

25

(26)

<0.05

rhino-conjunctivitis

167

(62)

103

(62)

58

(59)

NS


1 Gender unknown n = 8.

2 OAS = Oral Allergy Syndrome

3 The substances reported for at least three persons each were: mildew (n = 4), drugs (n = 3), insects (n = 3) and perfume (n = 3).

Marklund et al. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2004 2:65   doi:10.1186/1477-7525-2-65

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