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Open Access Research

Temperament and character properties of primary focal hyperhidrosis patients

Mehmet Ak1*, Didem Dincer2, Bikem Haciomeroglu3, Suleyman Akarsu1, Alper Cinar1 and Nergis Lapsekili1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Psychiatry, Gulhane School of Medicine, Etlik, Ankara, 06018, Turkey

2 Department of Dermatology, Gulhane School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

3 Department of Psychology, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey

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Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2013, 11:5  doi:10.1186/1477-7525-11-5

Published: 11 January 2013

Abstract

Background

Primary focal hyperhidrosis is a health problem, which has negative effects on the patient's quality of life and significantly affects the patients’ daily activities, social and business life. The aim of this study is to evaluate temperament and character properties of patients diagnosed with primary focal hyperhidrosis.

Methods

Fifty-six primary focal hyperhidrosis (22.42 ± 7.80) and 49 control subjects (24.48 ± 5.17) participated in the study. Patients who met the diagnostic criteria for PFH were referred to psychiatry clinic where the subjects were evaluated through Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders-I and Temperament and Character Inventory.

Results

In order to examine the difference between the PFH and control group in terms of temperament and character properties, one-way Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) was conducted. In terms of temperament properties, PFH group took significantly higher scores than control group in Fatigability and asthenia dimension. In terms of character properties, PFH group scored significantly lower than control group in Purposefulness , Resourcefulness , Self-Directedness and scored significantly higher than control group in Self-forgetfulness and Self-Transcendence.

Conclusion

Temperament and character features of PFH patients were different from healthy group and it was considered that these features were affected by many factors including genetic, biological, environmental, socio-cultural elements. During the follow-up of PFH cases, psychiatric evaluation is important and interventions, especially psychotherapeutic interventions can increase the chances of success of the dermatological treatments and can have a positive impact on the quality of life and social cohesion of chronic cases.

Keywords:
Primary Focal Hyperhidrosis; Temperament; Character; Psychodermatological disorders